camera; mastering equipment in close-up photography
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Spring is a good time to consider closing-up photography.
The arrival of buds, flowers and insects provides photographers with small, brightly colored and provocative off-the-shelf themes.
But for many photographers, the word \"intimacy\"
Up is synonymous with confusion.
The word can refer to taking off-
Upload a watermelon photo or take a small diamond, although the lighting and lens used in each case are completely different.
In addition, many photographers have been delayed by the technical language used to describe close-up photographyup work -
Terms such as macros, images-to-object-to-
The size ratio, the degree of refraction, and the extension ring, all of which make the near
Photography sounds like a high
Complex maze of technology.
But new devices on the market make it easier to shut downup photographs.
First, determine the problem of close exposure --
Up photos are simplified by the new 35-
Automatically determine the mm camera for exposure.
After the photographer sets the aperture, the camera accountant calculates the appropriate exposure.
By adding a macro zoom lens to these new cameras, turn off-
Photography becomes-truly -a snap.
With a macro zoom lens, the photographer can take a ratio of 1-to-1 -
In other words, the image on the film is the same size as the shooting object in front of the camera.
For some macro zoom lenses, the scale is 1-to-
4: The image on the movie is 1-
The size of the fourth question.
On the head of other macro zoom mirrors, for example, 28-to-85-
Mm Nikkor zoom lens at a cost of $470, from unlimited to ultra close focus
Up is continuous.
Another device of interest --
Nikon\'s just launched up photography is remote photography.
Touch, about $200, compact autofocus 35-
Millimeter camera available for close range
When the photographer is only 16 inch away from an object, ups.
When the photographer is close to the image, a special screen appears in the viewfinder to make viewing easier.
Ads are also useful, like Tokina-X M90 ($399 list)
, It comes with a macro extender;
This allows the photographer to use 1-to-
1 Proportion of theme to image.
Unless you have a new computer camera, this is the easiest way to start developing close-up expertise
Up photography uses complementary lenses of different magnification.
They can be used in combination and can be used on a wide variety of cameras.
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When the combination uses a supplementary lens, always place the lens that provides the highest magnification in the position closest to the base lens.
And, since the quality drops whenever the optical device is placed in front of the lens, the photographer should use a smaller lens opening, use the lens center as the focus guide, and get as much clarity as possible.
It\'s possible to approach-
Take photos using a supplementary lens with compact 35
The camera is automatically focused in mm, but it takes a little effort.
First, set the camera to infinity and lock it in the appropriate position.
Then slip at the closeup lens.
Chart on page 35 using Kodak pocket photos (
Any Kodak dealer 95)
, Find the correct distance to set the camera for a clear image.
Images taken at close range using a compact autofocus camera
The Up lens is not the same as the lens seen by the viewfinder.
To eliminate the difference, the photographer must tilt the camera slightly forward.
The closer the photo shoot is to the subject, the more the camera has to tilt.
Photography is another important factor. For many close-
What is needed in this case is ring lighting
A devouring light source around the theme, so that photographers can capture clean, detailed images in clear, vibrant colors.
Many manufacturers offer 35-
These tubes are similar to large metal donuts and are mounted around the lens of the camera.
Currently there are about 12 different units on the market with most standards 35-
Some are small and portable and operate using two AA alkaline batteries.
The others are powerful studio units that require stronger power.
Used to light up a small, three
A useful device is the Bogen light modulator system, which acts as a super-small
Studio for this kind of work.
The device is larger than the bread box and looks like a scientific spider creature --
Novel film, designed to be used with tungsten
Balance and other months of professional color reverse film.
This unit can be easily 360-
Degree lighting of objects.
It used three 50-
Watt quartz halogen lamps, each connected to the end of the connected lockable arm.
There is a mirror on the fourth arm.
There is a small movable glass stage for the placement of objects to be photographed.
All kinds of accessories are accepted for each lamp, such as diffuser, color or bias mirror and special accessorieseffect lenses.
The light modulator is priced at $600 and the accessories are priced at $3. 50 to $80.
A version of this article was printed on page 1001067 of the National edition on April 6, 1986 with the title: Camera;
Close-up equipmentUP PHOTOGRAPHY.